Homero Josh Garza, who founded the cryptocurrency startups GAW Miners and ZenMiner in 2014, acknowledged in a plea agreement that the companies were part of a pyramid scheme, and pleaded guilty to wire fraud in 2015. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission separately brought a civil enforcement action against Garza, who was eventually ordered to pay a judgment of $9.1 million plus $700,000 in interest. The SEC's complaint stated that Garza, through his companies, had fraudulently sold "investment contracts representing shares in the profits they claimed would be generated" from mining.[70]

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In October 2015,[62] a development governance was proposed as Ethereum Improvement Proposal, aka EIP, standardized on EIP-1.[63] The core development group and community were to gain consensus by a process regulated EIP. A few notable decisions were made in the process of EIP, such as EIP-160 (EXP cost increase caused by Spurious Dragon Hardfork)[64] and EIP-20 (ERC-20 Token Standard).[65] In January 2018, the EIP process was finalized and published as EIP-1 status turned "active".[62] Alongside ERC-20, notable EIPs to have become finalised token standards include ERC-721[66] (enabling the creation of non-fungible tokens, as used in Cryptokitties) and as of June 2019, ERC-1155 [67] (enabling the creation of both fungible and non-fungible tokens within a single smart contract with reduced gas costs).

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^ Iansiti, Marco; Lakhani, Karim R. (January 2017). "The Truth About Blockchain". Harvard Business Review. Harvard University. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017. The technology at the heart of bitcoin and other virtual currencies, blockchain is an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way.

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Ethereum is also being used as a platform to launch other cryptocurrencies. Because of the ERC20 token standard defined by the Ethereum Foundation, other developers can issue their own versions of this token and raise funds with an initial coin offering (ICO). In this fundraising strategy, the issuers of the token set an amount they want to raise, offer it in a crowdsale, and receive Ether in exchange. Billions of dollars have been raised by ICOs on the Ethereum platform in the last two years, and one of the most valuable cryptocurrencies in the world, EOS, is an ERC20 token. 

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Armed with the knowledge of Ethereum’s price history, future predictions and the associated risks to investing in this cryptocurrency, you may now be considering a purchase. Buying Ethereum has evolved from a niche and slightly cumbersome process to one which has been polished into simplicity. Ethereum can now be bought through debit/credit card, epayment platforms, bank transfer, cash or even Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Speculators can bet on the asset (both long and short) through “contracts for difference” (CFDs) or they can purchase and secure the asset themselves to “become their own bank”. 

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Ethereum addresses are composed of the prefix "0x", a common identifier for hexadecimal, concatenated with the rightmost 20 bytes of the Keccak-256 hash (big endian) of the ECDSA public key (the curve used is the so called secp256k1, the same as Bitcoin). In hexadecimal, 2 digits represents a byte, meaning addresses contain 40 hexadecimal digits. An example of an Ethereum address is 0xb794F5eA0ba39494cE839613fffBA74279579268. Contract addresses are in the same format, however they are determined by sender and creation transaction nonce.[34] User accounts are indistinguishable from contract accounts given only an address for each and no blockchain data. Any valid Keccak-256 hash put into the described format is valid, even if it does not correspond to an account with a private key or a contract. This is unlike Bitcoin, which uses base58check to ensure that addresses are properly typed.
Las tarifas en las criptomonedas dependen principalmente de la oferta de capacidad de cálculo de la red en el momento y de la demanda del usuario de una transacción rápida. El usuario puede escoger una tarifa específica, mientras que los mineros procesan las transacciones en orden decreciente. Se puede simplificar el proceso para el usuario ofreciendo prioridades alternativas y determinando el tiempo que podría tardar cada una.

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Decentralized cryptocurrency is produced by the entire cryptocurrency system collectively, at a rate which is defined when the system is created and which is publicly known. In centralized banking and economic systems such as the Federal Reserve System, corporate boards or governments control the supply of currency by printing units of fiat money or demanding additions to digital banking ledgers. In case of decentralized cryptocurrency, companies or governments cannot produce new units, and have not so far provided backing for other firms, banks or corporate entities which hold asset value measured in it. The underlying technical system upon which decentralized cryptocurrencies are based was created by the group or individual known as Satoshi Nakamoto.[23]
This content is being provided to you for informational purposes only. The content has been prepared by third parties not affiliated with Coinbase Inc or any of its affiliates and Coinbase is not responsible for its content. This content and any information contained therein, does not constitute a recommendation by Coinbase to buy, sell or hold any security, financial product or instrument referenced in the content.
Using Ethereum’s “Turing complete” smart contract language, Solidity, developers are able to deploy a set of instructions to the blockchain that operate indefinitely with a high degree of finality and fraud-resistance. With the first block being mined in July 2015, Ethereum has since become the largest smart contract platform of its kind, and the second largest blockchain of all time as measured by market capitalization.
In 1983, the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash.[7][8] Later, in 1995, he implemented it through Digicash,[9] an early form of cryptographic electronic payments which required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank and designate specific encrypted keys before it can be sent to a recipient. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or any third party.

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Romper la seguridad existente en una criptomoneda es matemáticamente posible, pero el costo para lograrlo sería inasumiblemente alto. Por ejemplo, un atacante que intentase quebrar el sistema de prueba de trabajo de Bitcoin necesitaría una potencia computacional mayor que el de todo el entramado (red-enjambre) de todos los mineros del sistema, y aun así, solo tendría una probabilidad de éxito del 50% (n.º de ronda de autenticación), en otras palabras, romper la seguridad de Bitcoin exigiría una capacidad superior a la de empresas tecnológicas del tamaño de Google.6​

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Vitalik Buterin picked the name Ethereum after browsing Wikipedia articles about elements and science fiction, when he found the name, noting, "I immediately realized that I liked it better than all of the other alternatives that I had seen; I suppose it was the fact that sounded nice and it had the word 'ether', referring to the hypothetical invisible medium that permeates the universe and allows light to travel."[9]

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As with other cryptocurrencies, the validity of each ether is provided by a blockchain, which is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography.[30][31] By design, the blockchain is inherently resistant to modification of the data. It is an open, distributed ledger that records transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way.[32] Unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum operates using accounts and balances in a manner called state transitions. This does not rely upon unspent transaction outputs (UTXOs). State denotes the current balances of all accounts and extra data. State is not stored on the blockchain, it is stored in a separate Merkle Patricia tree. A cryptocurrency wallet stores the public and private "keys" or "addresses" which can be used to receive or spend ether. These can be generated through BIP 39 style mnemonics for a BIP 32 "HD Wallet". In Ethereum, this is unnecessary as it does not operate in a UTXO scheme. With the private key, it is possible to write in the blockchain, effectively making an ether transaction.
The rapid price increase of Ethereum has not only attracted investors but developers too. Ethereum has tens of thousands of developers in its open source community, each contributing to the many layers of the “Ethereum stack”. This includes code contributions to the core Ethereum clients, second layer scaling tech and the “decentralized applications” (dApps) that are built on top of the platform. The appeal of Ethereum to developers is unique in that it was the first platform to allow anyone in the world to write and deploy code that would run without the risk of censorship. The community of developers which have formed around these core principles have led to the creation of technologies that could not have existed without the inception of Ethereum, many of which were never predicted. Some of the major use-cases of Ethereum so far have been: 

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An increase in cryptocurrency mining increased the demand of graphics cards (GPU) in 2017.[37] Popular favorites of cryptocurrency miners such as Nvidia's GTX 1060 and GTX 1070 graphics cards, as well as AMD's RX 570 and RX 580 GPUs, doubled or tripled in price – or were out of stock.[38] A GTX 1070 Ti which was released at a price of $450 sold for as much as $1100. Another popular card GTX 1060's 6 GB model was released at an MSRP of $250, sold for almost $500. RX 570 and RX 580 cards from AMD were out of stock for almost a year. Miners regularly buy up the entire stock of new GPU's as soon as they are available.[39]

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Using Ethereum’s “Turing complete” smart contract language, Solidity, developers are able to deploy a set of instructions to the blockchain that operate indefinitely with a high degree of finality and fraud-resistance. With the first block being mined in July 2015, Ethereum has since become the largest smart contract platform of its kind, and the second largest blockchain of all time as measured by market capitalization.
The validity of each cryptocurrency's coins is provided by a blockchain. A blockchain is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography.[23][26] Each block typically contains a hash pointer as a link to a previous block,[26] a timestamp and transaction data.[27] By design, blockchains are inherently resistant to modification of the data. It is "an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way".[28] For use as a distributed ledger, a blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for validating new blocks. Once recorded, the data in any given block cannot be altered retroactively without the alteration of all subsequent blocks, which requires collusion of the network majority.

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↑ «Decreto Constituyente sobre criptoactivos y la criptomoneda soberana Petro». Travieso Evans Com. Archivado desde el original el 16 de mayo de 2018. Consultado el 16 de mayo de 2018. «Artículo 10. Toda persona natural o jurídica, pública o privada, que pretenda crear un criptoactivo, deberá hacer público un documento donde exponga todas las condiciones de su creación, funcionamiento y eventual respaldo. El Ejecutivo Nacional, publicará el "Libro Blanco" de la Criptomoneda venezolana Petro. En la que se regulará la fase inicial, las condiciones e incentivos, los procesos iniciales de subastas y asignaciones directas que se realicen y el destino de los fondos.»
Ethereum is the pioneer for blockchain based smart contracts. When running on the blockchain a smart contract becomes like a self-operating computer program that automatically executes when specific conditions are met. On the blockchain, smart contracts allow for code to be run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference. It can facilitate the exchange of money, content, property, shares, or anything of value. The Ethereum network went live on July 30th, 2015 with 72 million Ethereum premined.

Bitcoin puede sustituir a la moneda


Según PricewaterhouseCoopers, cuatro de las 10 ofertas iniciales de monedas más grandes propuestas han utilizado Suiza como base, donde con frecuencia se registran como fundaciones sin fines de lucro. La agencia reguladora suiza FINMA declaró que adoptaría un "enfoque equilibrado" para los proyectos de la ICO y permitiría a los "innovadores legítimos navegar por el panorama regulatorio y así lanzar sus proyectos de manera compatible con las leyes nacionales que protegen a los inversores y la integridad del sistema financiero. . ”En respuesta a numerosas solicitudes de representantes de la industria, un grupo de trabajo legislativo de la ICO comenzó a emitir directrices legales en 2018, cuyo objetivo es eliminar la incertidumbre de las ofertas de la criptomoneda y establecer prácticas comerciales sostenibles.29​


Ethereum addresses are composed of the prefix "0x", a common identifier for hexadecimal, concatenated with the rightmost 20 bytes of the Keccak-256 hash (big endian) of the ECDSA public key (the curve used is the so called secp256k1, the same as Bitcoin). In hexadecimal, 2 digits represents a byte, meaning addresses contain 40 hexadecimal digits. An example of an Ethereum address is 0xb794F5eA0ba39494cE839613fffBA74279579268. Contract addresses are in the same format, however they are determined by sender and creation transaction nonce.[34] User accounts are indistinguishable from contract accounts given only an address for each and no blockchain data. Any valid Keccak-256 hash put into the described format is valid, even if it does not correspond to an account with a private key or a contract. This is unlike Bitcoin, which uses base58check to ensure that addresses are properly typed.

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↑ «Decreto Constituyente sobre criptoactivos y la criptomoneda soberana Petro». Travieso Evans Com. Archivado desde el original el 16 de mayo de 2018. Consultado el 16 de mayo de 2018. «Artículo 10. Toda persona natural o jurídica, pública o privada, que pretenda crear un criptoactivo, deberá hacer público un documento donde exponga todas las condiciones de su creación, funcionamiento y eventual respaldo. El Ejecutivo Nacional, publicará el "Libro Blanco" de la Criptomoneda venezolana Petro. En la que se regulará la fase inicial, las condiciones e incentivos, los procesos iniciales de subastas y asignaciones directas que se realicen y el destino de los fondos.»

Usted paga impuestos sobre el comercio criptomoneda


Las criptomonedas hacen posible el llamado internet del valor, también conocido por las siglas IoV (del inglés internet of value), también llamado Internet del dinero: son aplicaciones de Internet que permiten el intercambio de valor en forma de criptomonedas. Este valor pueden ser contratos, propiedad intelectual, acciones o cualquier propiedad de algo con valor. Las cosas de valor ya se podían intercambiar antes usando sistemas de pago como Paypal. Sin embargo la diferencia entre pagar con algo como Paypal y pagar con una criptomoneda consiste en que pagar con Paypal requiere que el pago se haga a través de redes privadas como las de las tarjetas de crédito y bancos, mientras que el pago usando criptomonedas no tiene intermediarios. Va directamente del comprador al vendedor. De esta forma, se tiene un sistema de transferencia universal de valor, libre de intermediaciones.
Variación duranta las últimas 24 horas. Si ordenas las criptomonedas según su variación, podrás conocer las monedas que más se han revalorizado las últimas 24 horas. De esta manera podrás diseñar una mejor estrategia de inversión. Si una criptomoneda crece mucho en las últimas horas, no significa que lo vaya a seguir haciendo, pero te da un indicador sobre qué tipo de criptomonedas prefiere actualmente le mercado.
As the industry continues to investigate blockchain platforms, it’s apparent that Ethereum is becoming a de facto leader. For example, a few days ago JPMorgan publicly open-sourced its Quorum platform, architected and developed around the Go Ethereum client by Jeff Wilcke and his team. Several other major banks are using Ethereum, and Microsoft is anchoring its Bletchley platform on it as the foundational blockchain element. Industry, both publicly and confidentially, continues to contribute to Ethereum and work with us and others to help our promising, toddler-age codebase reach maturity. Stay tuned for news on this front. 

Cuanto tiempo mas va a Bitcoin mineria ultima


^ "Bitcoin: The Cryptoanarchists' Answer to Cash". IEEE Spectrum. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Around the same time, Nick Szabo, a computer scientist who now blogs about law and the history of money, was one of the first to imagine a new digital currency from the ground up. Although many consider his scheme, which he calls "bit gold", to be a precursor to Bitcoin
Like Bitcoin, Ethereum is a distributed public blockchain network. Although there are some significant technical differences between the two, the most important distinction to note is that Bitcoin and Ethereum differ substantially in purpose and capability. Bitcoin offers one particular application of blockchain technology, a peer to peer electronic cash system that enables online Bitcoin payments. While the Bitcoin blockchain is used to track ownership of digital currency (bitcoins), the Ethereum blockchain focuses on running the programming code of any decentralized application.

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In February 2014 the world's largest bitcoin exchange, Mt. Gox, declared bankruptcy. The company stated that it had lost nearly $473 million of their customers' bitcoins likely due to theft. This was equivalent to approximately 750,000 bitcoins, or about 7% of all the bitcoins in existence. The price of a bitcoin fell from a high of about $1,160 in December to under $400 in February.[67]

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Both blockchains have the same features and are identical in every way up to a certain block where the hard-fork was implemented. This means that everything that happened on Ethereum up until the hard-fork is still valid on the Ethereum Classic Blockchain. From the block where the hard fork or change in code was executed onwards, the two blockchains act individually.

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Ethereum is the pioneer for blockchain based smart contracts. When running on the blockchain a smart contract becomes like a self-operating computer program that automatically executes when specific conditions are met. On the blockchain, smart contracts allow for code to be run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference. It can facilitate the exchange of money, content, property, shares, or anything of value. The Ethereum network went live on July 30th, 2015 with 72 million Ethereum premined.

Bitcoin puede sustituir a la moneda


An initial coin offering (ICO) is a controversial means of raising funds for a new cryptocurrency venture. An ICO may be used by startups with the intention of avoiding regulation. However, securities regulators in many jurisdictions, including in the U.S., and Canada have indicated that if a coin or token is an "investment contract" (e.g., under the Howey test, i.e., an investment of money with a reasonable expectation of profit based significantly on the entrepreneurial or managerial efforts of others), it is a security and is subject to securities regulation. In an ICO campaign, a percentage of the cryptocurrency (usually in the form of "tokens") is sold to early backers of the project in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies, often bitcoin or ether.[47][48][49]

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Litecoin is a peer-to-peer Internet currency that enables instant, near-zero cost payments to anyone in the world. Litecoin is an open source, global payment network that is fully decentralized without any central authorities. Mathematics secures the network and empowers individuals to control their own finances. Litecoin features faster transaction confirmation times and improved storage efficiency than the leading math-based currency. With substantial industry support, trade volume and liquidity, Litecoin is a proven medium of commerce complementary to Bitcoin.
Hello all and good evening! LTC hit $50 as a low recently and has been rounding out in the lower 50 range since. There was a bullish divergence signal on the 4H for both the RSI and MACD. Currently RSI is attempting upper territory with MACD reseting positive momentum. We should always be on the lookout for bearish signals as well. If we see price attempt higher...

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Ethereum addresses are composed of the prefix "0x", a common identifier for hexadecimal, concatenated with the rightmost 20 bytes of the Keccak-256 hash (big endian) of the ECDSA public key (the curve used is the so called secp256k1, the same as Bitcoin). In hexadecimal, 2 digits represents a byte, meaning addresses contain 40 hexadecimal digits. An example of an Ethereum address is 0xb794F5eA0ba39494cE839613fffBA74279579268. Contract addresses are in the same format, however they are determined by sender and creation transaction nonce.[34] User accounts are indistinguishable from contract accounts given only an address for each and no blockchain data. Any valid Keccak-256 hash put into the described format is valid, even if it does not correspond to an account with a private key or a contract. This is unlike Bitcoin, which uses base58check to ensure that addresses are properly typed.

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Darknet markets present challenges in regard to legality. Bitcoins and other forms of cryptocurrency used in dark markets are not clearly or legally classified in almost all parts of the world. In the U.S., bitcoins are labelled as "virtual assets". This type of ambiguous classification puts pressure on law enforcement agencies around the world to adapt to the shifting drug trade of dark markets.[75]

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In May 2018, Bitcoin Gold (and two other cryptocurrencies) were hit by a successful 51% hashing attack by an unknown actor, in which exchanges lost estimated $18m.[citation needed] In June 2018, Korean exchange Coinrail was hacked, losing US$37 million worth of altcoin. Fear surrounding the hack was blamed for a $42 billion cryptocurrency market selloff.[72] On 9 July 2018 the exchange Bancor had $23.5 million in cryptocurrency stolen.[73]

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Romper la seguridad existente en una criptomoneda es matemáticamente posible, pero el costo para lograrlo sería inasumiblemente alto. Por ejemplo, un atacante que intentase quebrar el sistema de prueba de trabajo de Bitcoin necesitaría una potencia computacional mayor que el de todo el entramado (red-enjambre) de todos los mineros del sistema, y aun así, solo tendría una probabilidad de éxito del 50% (n.º de ronda de autenticación), en otras palabras, romper la seguridad de Bitcoin exigiría una capacidad superior a la de empresas tecnológicas del tamaño de Google.6​
Zcoin is a privacy focused cryptocurrency that was originally built on the Zerocoin protocol. However, given a number of vulnerabilities in that protocol, they recently moved to a new "Sigma" Protocol that was launched in 2019. Transactions are made private by a privacy enhancement in the protocol called "minting". Before you are able to send transactions, you have to mint new coins. Given that all coin’s transactions originate from a newly minted coin, it is hard to track the origin. Privacy on Zcoin is made possible through the use of Zero Knowledge proofs. You also have Tor integration as well as their recently released "Dandelion" protocol. This will further help to cement user privacy on the network. ZCoin uses a the Merkle Tree Proof of Work algorithm (MTP). This is a memory hard algorithm that is considered to be ASIC resistant and hence less prone to centralisation. Zcoin also has a masternode architecture with their "Znodes" (require 1,000 XZC to stake). In compensation for running this full node, the Znode will receive 30% of the newly minted Zcoins. The team behind the Zcoin protocol is quite extensive experience in blockchain engineering, software development, cryptography and many more. The developers have also been hard at work if you take a look into their GitHub repository. When it comes to markets, XZC is listed on a number of exchanges including MXC, Coinex, Binance, Huobi etc. There appears to be reasonable liquidity on these exchanges which will ease execution. However, XZC is still volatile so trade with caution. *Coin Bureau's views are not investment advice. Do Your Own Research.

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El concepto o idea de criptomoneda fue descrita por primera vez por Wei Dai, en 1998, donde propuso la idea de crear un nuevo tipo de dinero descentralizado que usara la criptografía como medio de control,11​ mientras que la primera criptomoneda que se creó fue Bitcoin, creada en 2009 por el desarrollador de pseudónimo Satoshi Nakamoto, el cual usa el conjunto de funciones criptográficas SHA-2 (exactamente el SHA-256) como su esquema PoW (prueba de trabajo).12​13​ Posteriormente, han aparecido otras criptomonedas, como Namecoin (un intento de descentralizar el sistema de nombres de dominio DNS, lo que haría muy difícil la censura de internet), Litecoin (el cual utiliza scrypt como esquema PoW, así como también, para tener una confirmación de transacción más rápida), Peercoin (el cual utiliza un esquema híbrido PoW/PoS [prueba de trabajo/prueba de participación], además tiene una tasa de inflación del alrededor de 1 %) y Freicoin (el cuál implementó el concepto de Silvio Gesell agregando depreciación en el tiempo).14​ Muchas otras criptomonedas han sido creadas, aunque no todas han sido exitosas, en especial aquellas que no han aportado ninguna innovación.
Armed with the knowledge of Ethereum’s price history, future predictions and the associated risks to investing in this cryptocurrency, you may now be considering a purchase. Buying Ethereum has evolved from a niche and slightly cumbersome process to one which has been polished into simplicity. Ethereum can now be bought through debit/credit card, epayment platforms, bank transfer, cash or even Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Speculators can bet on the asset (both long and short) through “contracts for difference” (CFDs) or they can purchase and secure the asset themselves to “become their own bank”.

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In 2016 a decentralized autonomous organization called The DAO, a set of smart contracts developed on the platform, raised a record US$150 million in a crowdsale to fund the project.[25] The DAO was exploited in June when US$50 million in ether were taken by an unknown hacker.[26][27] The event sparked a debate in the crypto-community about whether Ethereum should perform a contentious "hard fork" to reappropriate the affected funds.[28] As a result of the dispute, the network split in two. Ethereum (the subject of this article) continued on the forked blockchain, while Ethereum Classic continued on the original blockchain.[29] The hard fork created a rivalry between the two networks.
Litecoin, however, uses the scrypt algorithm – originally named as s-crypt, but pronounced as ‘script’. This algorithm incorporates the SHA-256 algorithm, but its calculations are much more serialised than those of SHA-256 in bitcoin. Scrypt favours large amounts of high-speed RAM, rather than raw processing power alone. As a result, scrypt is known as a ‘memory hard problem‘.
Litecoin is an open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license which gives you the power to run, modify, and copy the software and to distribute, at your option, modified copies of the software. The software is released in a transparent process that allows for independent verification of binaries and their corresponding source code.

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Most cryptocurrencies are designed to gradually decrease production of that currency, placing a cap on the total amount of that currency that will ever be in circulation.[25] Compared with ordinary currencies held by financial institutions or kept as cash on hand, cryptocurrencies can be more difficult for seizure by law enforcement.[1] This difficulty is derived from leveraging cryptographic technologies. 

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There are also purely technical elements to consider. For example, technological advancement in cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin result in high up-front costs to miners in the form of specialized hardware and software.[87] Cryptocurrency transactions are normally irreversible after a number of blocks confirm the transaction. Additionally, cryptocurrency private keys can be permanently lost from local storage due to malware, data loss or the destruction of the physical media. This prevents the cryptocurrency from being spent, resulting in its effective removal from the markets.[88]

Izabella Kaminska, the editor of FT Alphaville, has pointed out that criminals are using Ethereum to run Ponzi schemes and other forms of investment fraud.[68] The article was based on a paper from the University of Cagliari, which placed the number of Ethereum smart contracts which facilitate Ponzi schemes at nearly 10% of 1384 smart contracts examined. However, it also estimated that only 0.05% of the transactions on the network were related to such contracts.[69]

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As of May 2018, over 1,800 cryptocurrency specifications existed.[24] Within a cryptocurrency system, the safety, integrity and balance of ledgers is maintained by a community of mutually distrustful parties referred to as miners: who use their computers to help validate and timestamp transactions, adding them to the ledger in accordance with a particular timestamping scheme.[14]

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↑ «Decreto Constituyente sobre criptoactivos y la criptomoneda soberana Petro». Travieso Evans Com. Archivado desde el original el 16 de mayo de 2018. Consultado el 16 de mayo de 2018. «Artículo 6. El órgano de control y protección en materia de criptoactivos creada por el Ejecutivo Nacional, será la Superintendencia de la Criptomoneda y Actividades Conexas Venezolana, tendrá como función principal la de velar por el normal y legal funcionamiento de gestión que desarrollen las personas naturales o jurídicas que participen en el intercambio de la Criptomoneda venezolana Petro y demás criptoactivos creados por la República Bolivariana de Venezuela; dirigir el Sistema de registros de mineros virtuales, casas de intercambio y demás entes dedicados al ahorro y a la intermediación virtual en criptomonedas y criptoactivos; emitir los permisos y licencias; cobrar las tasas y tarifas que establezca; y en general, impulsar las medidas destinadas al desarrollo de los criptoactivos nacionales y su intercambio en el mercado nacional e internacional. La Superintendencia debe garantizar la protección de los derechos de las personas que participen en estas actividades.»

Hay que pagar para transferir bitcoins entre carteras

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